At Pandrethan, nearly 8 kilometers from Srinagar, Ashoka the Emperor founded the Srinagar city in 3rd Century BC as recorded in the Rajtarangni of Kalhana. Until 630 AD Srinagar remained the capital city of Kashmir when Parvarasana II established the new city called Parvarapura near Kohi-i-Maran (Hariparbat Hill) – the present city which later came to be called as Srinagri. The present city of Srinagar is the summer capital of Jammu & Kashmir State situated at an altitude of 1590 meters (5209 ft) having latitude 23-04′ North and longitude 74-48′ East.
With its almost medieval charm, the city of Srinagar has sights, smells and sounds to enchant the most jaded traveler. It’s typical roads and bustling bazaars are a photographer’s delight. A Mughal fort, developed to its full size in the late 18th century by an Afghan governor named Atta Mohammed Khan around and atop Kohi-i-Maran dominates the city. The low wall enclosing the upper part of the hill was constructed by Emperor Akbar. Sprawling from the southward from the base of the Hill, the old city is the nerve center of Srinagar. In Persian chronicles, it is called “Shehr-e-Khas” or the Main City of Kashmir. Srinagar has long been Kashmir’s most important commercial town. Boats have been a primary means of conveyance in the past.
Shalimar garden was built by Mughal Emperor Jehangir in the year 1619 AD and called it “Farah Baksh” (the delightful). Eleven years later Zaffer Khan the Governor of Kashmir during Emperor Shah Jahan’s reign extended the garden and called it “Faiz Baksh” (the Bountiful). The garden was graded in three sections. The outer garden known as the Diwan-i-Aam, the central portion the Emperor’s garden called as the “Diwan-iKhas” and the uppermost by far the best garden was means for the Empress and her ladies. The romantic effect of numerous fountains in large tanks and central water channel, cascades, and monumental pavilions, mighty chinars, lush lawns laden with colour and fragrance speak volumes for the taste of Great Mughal. The garden covers an area of 12.40 ha.15 kms from the TRC
Nishat garden, the garden of Delight, the largest Mughal Garden on Dal-Lake was laid out by Asaf Khan, brother of Nur Jahan, wife of Jahangir, in the year 1632 A.D. It is located on Dal-Lake about 2.5 Kilometers to the south of Shalimar and commands a magnificent view in the west and has a panoramic back drop of mountains in the East. The garden had originally 12 terraces. Enchanting central water channel, rippling fountains in large tanks and channels and sparkling cascades amidst bountiful colours, lush lawns and mighty chinars are principal features of this pleasure garden. The garden is spread over an area of about 20 ha.
This garden of the royal spring was built in 1642 A.D. by Ali Mardan Khan, the Governor of Kashmir during the reign of Emperor Shah ]ahan. It is a terraced garden situated 9 Km away from Srinagar and about 2 Km up from the main road in a mOllntain side over-looking Dal-Lake. Fountains play in the central water channel starting from the famed spring located in the upper most terrace. It is famous for its pure, sparkling and cool mineral water.
Chashma Shahi has tastefully laid garden in terraces, which commands a magnificent view of the Dal Lake below and surrounding mountain ranges. The cool water of the spring is highly refreshing and digestive. The original garden was laid out by Shah Jehan in 1632 AD. By the side of Chashma Shahi Garden are huts where some of the state government officials have their official residences to enjoy the luxurious stay while serving the Jammu & Kashmir.
On the hillside, south of the village of Harwan (19 kms from the TRC)), remarkable remains of ancient ornamented tile pavements of the Buddhist period have come to light. The tiles depict the dresses of the people, such as loose trousers, Turkoman caps or close fitting turbans and large ear-rings which reveal Central Asian influence. It is ASI site.This beautiful landscape garden took birth in the year 1969 on the enchanting Zabarwan mountain slopes near famous Mughal Garden Cheshmashahi, overlooking the panorama of Dal-Lake. This pleasure garden complex extends over an area of about 80 hectares and consists of several styles of gardens with unending joy for seekers of solace on informal and undulated landscape.
Tulip garden previously named as Model Floriculture Centre, Sirajbagh, Cheshmashahi Srinagar, is spread over an area of about 30 ha situated On the foothills of Zabarwan Hills with an overview of picturesque world famous Dal Lake. This garden was conceived, conceptualized and created by Mr. Gh. Nabi Azad, the then Chief Minister, J&K in the year 2006-07. Main aim of this garden is to boost floriculture and advance tourism in Kashmir Valley. Over 12 Lakh tulip bulbs of 68 varieties of different colours sown during Nov-Dec, 2007 presented a breathtaking view.
Dal Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes of India and the second largest in the J&K state. Its three sides are surrounded by majestic mountains and a large number of gardens and orchards have been laid along the shores. The campus of University of Kashmir is also located along the shores of the lake. Dal Lake is unique in having hundreds of houseboats, which afford an opportunity for tourists to reside on the lake in an atmosphere of peace and tranquility.
Nigeen Lake is located just a small distance away from Dal Lake. In fact, both the water bodies are interconnected by a small water channel. In summer time the water is pleasantly cool. The lake is one of the best ions, which you can enjoy a captivating round of boating. Even in the middle of the lake, you can experience the thrill of shopping. There are boats that are full-fledged shops on the move. You can buy eateries exquisite handicrafts, even the famous Pashmina shawls, and if you wish, you can even make a call from the mobile phone booths, Sirnagar has a wide variety of accomodation, including deluxe hotels, guest houses and houseboats.
Destinations In Kashmir:
Red Apples, Red Cheeks and Ruby Weather… Kashmir, the Real Paradise on EarthFrailty that prevails in the benign valley of Kashmir often disheartens those with humble hearts; still, Kashmir gives you millions of reasons to celebrate its existence. A picture perfect scene with snow clad mountains, sparkling lakes with sailing shikaras, a tuft of colorful tulips and steady houseboats inflate lungs of the onlookers. Kashmir, the northwestern province of the Indian subcontinent renders the opportunity to experience the onrush of scenery closely.
Experience the Authentic Kashmir:Dominated largely by long stretches of Scenic Mountains, the Valley of Kashmir covers an area of 224,739 sq km. The Great Himalaya range separates Kashmir from Ladakh, whereas, the Pir Panjal range confines it as a valley by drawing a border and separating it from the northern plains. Therefore expect serene, scenic and sensual landscape that nurtures the valley as an ideal destination for holidays in Kashmir.
Keep Calm and Enjoy the Impeccable Beauty The prized possession of Jammu & Kashmir state, the Valley of Kashmir renders opportunities to experience nature’s best. From splendid Srinagar to isolated Gurez valley, the gamut of awe-aspiring vista is endless here. Travel to Kashmir to cherish the impeccable natural beauty, where inhabits a gentle race of people.
Places to Visit in Kashmir:
An Array of Awesomeness at Scenic Srinagar:
A proud capital of the state, Srinagar invites all for a resplendent treat of sailing through the sparkling Dal Lake, a stroll through the gardens of Shalimar Bagh and seeking blessings at Jama Masjid and Shankaracharya Temple. Srinagar is undoubtedly amongst the best places to enjoy holidays in Kashmir.
Walk Through the Meadow of Flowers: Gulmarg
The land of ski resorts, carpets of flowers and quixotic ambiance invite you to experience nature at its best. Gulmarg opens door for a world of adventure and priceless peace amidst the tranquil landscape that simultaneously inflates lungs with the onrush of adventure activities. The erstwhile land of the shepherds, Gulmarg plays an important part in setting up Kashmir as a pioneer tourist destination.
Linger in the Valley of Shepherds: Pahalgam
The renowned base of Amarnath Yatra, Pahalgam is popularly called the Valley of Shepherd. The small town of Kashmir has now converted into a premium resort. Set up in rustic attire, Pahalgam offers tourists most modern comforts.
The Land of Glaciers and Spectacular Natural Beauty: Sonmarg
Gateway to the ancient Silk Road that connects Kashmir with China and Gulf countries, Sonmarg is indeed the Meadow of Gold. The scenic landscape and accessibility to several glaciers make Sonmarg one of the popular places to visit in Kashmir. It also acts as a vital base camp for trekkers to many glaciers in the vicinity.
Yusmarg: The Meadows of Jesus
The Meadow of Jesus of Yusmarg captivates the hearts of the tourists with its scenic landscape. Famous for its trek routes, Yusmarg offers travel enthusiasts an extra edge in adventure. Nestled within the Pir Panjal Range, many expeditions set out to Sunset Peak and Tatakooti Peak. Other activities that can be enjoyed here are horse riding, skiing and fishing.
Attractions in Kashmir:Besides being a holiday destination, the Valley of Kashmir is also the holy abode of Lord Shiva. It is also a land of many rivers that accompany the snow-capped mountains and the green meadows and multi-hued flowers startle nature lovers. The most popular attractions of the valley are:
Located in the scenic capital of Srinagar, Dal Lake has been one of the prime tourist attractions in Kashmir. It is known for its sparkling water and the ride on thin canopied boats called Shikaras. The constant floating hotels or accommodations namely the Houseboats are yet another attraction of the lake.
Situated at a distance of 141 kms from Srinagar, Amarnath temple is the abode of Lord Shiva. The shrine can easily be reached via Pahalgam. Considered to be the holiest shrine in Hinduism, it is thronged by devotees from all over the world.
Set amidst the scenic city of Srinagar, the Mughal Gardens, namely Shalimar, Nishat and Chashme Shahi Bagh are known for their exquisite beauty and flower arrangement. Built during the reign of the Mughals, these gardens are one of the prime tourist attractions in Kashmir.
Mount Haramukh (5142 m) in Ganderbal district has been considered sacred by Hindus, who often throng the mountain. The easiest route for climbing starts via Arin Bandipore. Mount Haramukh is comparatively a tough trekking site, but still it intrigues adventure seekers.
Accommodation in Kashmir:Kashmir is dotted with hotels and resorts of the finest quality contributing towards Kashmir being a major tourist destination. From luxurious five star hotels and houseboats, there are ample good hotels in Kashmir for those who are willing to splurge money, whereas, there are also a number of budget hotels that offers. Here at Tour My India, we offer specially designed Kashmir holiday packages that fits your budget and caters to all your basic needs. Each Kashmir tour package can be customized to meet traveler’s requirements. Expect quality expedition and a pleasant staying experience in Kashmir.